Description: Shrubs ranging from 1-3 m, elevated with green stems. Very strong spikes (thorns), arched with extended end. With 5-7 sessile leaflets, ovate or elliptical shaped, glabrous and without glands, with simple or doubled tooth.
Flowers are solitary or scarce in corymbs. The fruit is red and glabrous of 10-20 mm diameter, spherical or elliptical shape.
Distribution in Kosovo: It grows in shrubs or fences along the margins of arable plots, or margins of forests.
Parts used: Fruit, seeds (achene fruits) (Rosae pseudofructus), dried flowers and essential oils extracted from flowers.
Harvest time: Fruits and seeds (achenes), shall be harvested in late summer and autumn when ripen, flowers are harvested upon flowering.
Drying: Fruits and seeds are dried in oven in temperature of 55 0C. Ratio: 6:1. Flowers are dried under shade or in ovens in temperature of 400C.
Therapeutic category: Diuretic.
Use: Fruits have traditionally been used to prepare tea for treatment of gastrointestinal inflammations. The seeds are used as a diuretic.
Preparation and dosage: 2-2.5g of crushed fruits, 1-2 gr of suppressed seeds, 1-2 g of dried petals in a glass of boiling water.