Description: perennial herbaceous plant with ovate or elliptical oblong leaves in rosette with a broad wing petiole. Flowers are gold colour or yellow hooked flowerheads. Calyx campanula is 8-20 mm, whereas cupules 8-30 mm. Ovate capsules of 10-30 cm. Primula veris in the morphological and medical aspect is closer to Primula elatior.
Distribution in Kosovo: distributed from 700-2000 m elevation
Parts used: flowers (calyx and corolla – Primulae flos cum calycibus) and dried rhizomes and roots (Primulae radix)
Harvest time: Harvesting of flowers is done in early spring after they have flowered (30-40% of the flowers shall not be harvested). The harvesting of roots and rhizomes is allowed only for cultivated primula veris and only after the seeds has been ripen.
Drying: Flowers are dried in ovens and under shade in temp. of 45-50 0C; Ratio: 7:1. Roots are dried in oven in temp. 600C; Ratio: 4:1.
Therapeutic category: Expectorant, secretolyctic.
Use: Flowers and roots are used as expectorant for treatment of bronchitis, cough, mould, colds and inflammation of the nose and throat.
Preparation and dosage: 1 cup of boiled water/2-4 g flowers or 0.2-0.5 g. of root. As expectorant the infusion is sweetened with honey and is used every 2-3 hours.